and/or


and/or
and/or
is a formula indicating that the items connected by it can be taken either together or as alternatives. Its principal uses are in legal and other formal documents (These ratios indicated that the changes in the order of crystallinity were similar to those with the water content and/or dehydration and temperature for gelatinization among and/

• or within cultivars —Annals of Botany, BrE 2001)

and in logic (The best philosophy…embodies a picture of the world and/

• or a set of values —E. Craig, 2002).

In general use the effect can be ungainly:

• Stalin, characteristically insensitive to Western public opinion and/or relying on the political ambiguity of these phrases in the existing context, signed it —Cambridge Review, 1959.

A more comfortable way of expressing the same idea is to use ‘X or Y or both’, and in some cases ‘or’ by itself will do.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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